“Learning” to read begins with the development of oral language. Here are some resources about early language development and its connection to early literacy and to becoming a successful reader.
Oral Language Development
Excerpts from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website
Hearing and Understanding and “Talking”
Notice development across all the language categories: sounds, words, sentences, discourse (stories and conversation)
Check the suggestions for what parents can notice and do to facilitate language development
Below are a few of the developmental milestone for each age group. Check the site for additional information!
Birth to 1 Year
Notice the beginning of mastering “sounds”
*baby notices and uses “sounds”
*”babbling sounds” are more speech like (p, b, m)
*uses speech and non-crying sounds to get and keep attention
Year 1 to 2
Notice the beginning of interest in and responding to stories
Note the growth in vocabulary
Hearing and Understanding
Year 2 to 3
Notice the development of questioning; understanding the power of language
*Listens to and enjoys hearing stories for longer periods of time
*Has a word for almost everything
*Uses two- or three- words to talk about and ask for things.
*Uses k, g, f, t, d, and n sounds.
*Often asks for or directs attention to objects by naming them.
Year 3 to 4
Take note of developing conversation skills to both ask for and provide information
*Answers simple “who?”, “what?”, “where?”, and “why?” questions.
*Uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words.
Year 4 to 5
Using sounds, words, sentences and discourse to communicate
*Pays attention to a short story and answers simple questions about them.
*Tells stories that stick to topic.
*Uses sentences that give lots of details (“The biggest peach is mine”)
*Says most sounds correctly except a few like l, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, th.
*Says rhyming words.
Here are some links on Early Language/Literacy Development!
https://www.academia.edu/2263895/The_National_Early_Literacy_Panel_Report_and_classroom_instruction_Green_lights_caution_lights_and_red_lights Green Light: Alphabetic Knowledge, Phonological Awareness, and Oral Language